How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJFM for All-Purpose

People often ask us why we only used all-purpose flour (where we called for white flour) in Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day.  Why not “bread” flour, which is higher in protein and is often considered traditional in bread?  Well, not in all traditions!  French baguettes, for example, are typically made with lower-protein flour for a more tender, and less chewy crumb.  And we knew most of our potential book-users already had all-purpose flour in the house.  But sometimes, a stiffer dough is desirable, like when something really needs to hold its shape, like these wreath-shaped, well… bagels.  You can always swap bread flour into our recipes that call for all-purpose, just by adding a little extra water (details below).  And we’ll announce our contest winner at the end of this post…

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Today’s treats weren’t really bagels, since I didn’t boil them before baking, but they did start life shaped just like our regular bagels. Then, they get the snipping treatment like our Pain d’Epi(wheat-stalk bread, a French trick of the eye)…

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose 

We’ve been doing a round version of the Pain d’Epi for years, and it seems to be a fit for the Holidays–take a ring-shaped bread and cut it like an Epi–kind of like a wreath.  Seems you ought to be able to make little ones:  wreath-bagels!  I thought this would be easier to accomplish with higher-protein flour (for a stiffer dough), so I tested with Gold Medal “Better for Bread” flour.  And they certainly held a beautiful shape–just look at the pictures.

I used our basic white-flour recipe, but since I was swapping in bread flour, which is higher in protein and absorbs more water, I increased the water by 1/3 cup (see our FAQ for details on adjusting for other flours).  This will work for any of our recipes that call for all-purpose flour–you need a little less than 1 tablespoon extra water for each cup of bread flour that you swap for all-purpose. Today, I weighed the flour and water  on a digital scale— the normal recipe (with all-purpose flour) calls for 2 pounds of flour and 1.5 pounds water, but since I was using bread flour, I used more water; that extra 1/3 cup works out to a total of 1 pound, 10 3/4 ounces of water…

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

(… for more about using digital scales click here.) I used a Danish dough whisk to mix the water, salt, yeast, and flour, but a wooden spoon would have been fine too.  You can see that it’s wet, but not as wet and shapeless as our all-purpose flour basic white dough when first mixed:

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

After about two hours of rising at room temperature (assuming you started with lukewarm water), it can go into the fridge, where it can be stored for up to two weeks, though I used my stuff right after the 2-hour rise.

Preheat the oven to 450 degrees F, with a baking stone near the center of the oven and an empty metal broiler tray on any other shelf that won’t interfere with the bagels. In most ovens, 20 or 30 minutes will be enough, in others you may need up to 45 minutes (check temp with an oven thermometer).  Dust the surface of the dough with flour and snip off 3-ounce portions of dough (the size of small peaches).  Despite the fact that the dough isn’t kneaded, wet dough like this one sets up structure and stretch on its own:

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Dust with flour and shape the piece of dough into a smooth ball as we described in the Basics post, and then poke your thumbs through:

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

… and start stretching…

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Keep stretching, dusting with flour as needed, until the hole is about three times the width of the sides, otherwise the bagel-hole will close up:

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Lay them on parchment paper or a silicone mat rated to the baking temperature.  They’ll partially shrink back when you put them down.

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Cover loosely with plastic wrap if you’re in a dry environment,and allow to rest for 20 minutes.  You won’t see much rising during that time.

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Dust with flour and use a kitchen shears to snip down nearly all the way through, cutting at a shallow angle (about 30 degrees). Deflect the cut pieces sideways, away from the center of the bagel:

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

Get under the parchment with a pizza peel…

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose

How & When to Swap Bread Flour CJ-SC for All-Purpose 

… and slide the whole thing, paper and all, onto the hot stone.  Carefully pour 1 cup of water into the metal broiler tray (cover the glass oven window with a towel before approaching with water to prevent cracking of the glass), or check out our post on steam alternatives for other ways to generate steam in the oven.  Slide into the oven and bakewith steam for about 15 to 20 minutes at 450F, or until richly browned.

You can enjoy these slightly warm… Happy Holidays!  Now, the winner of last week’s three-book giveaway:  It’s Erin S., who’s been notified by e-mail…